Neuroblastoma is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in neuroblasts (immature nerve tissue) in the adrenal glands, neck, chest, or spinal cord.
Neuroblastoma often begins in the nerve tissue of the adrenal glands. There are two adrenal glands, one on top of each kidney in the back of the upper abdomen. The adrenal glands make important hormones that help control heart rate, blood pressure, blood sugar, and the way the body reacts to stress. Neuroblastoma may also begin in nerve tissue in the neck, chest, abdomen, or pelvis.
Neuroblastoma most often begins in infancy. It is usually diagnosed between the first month of life and age five years. It is found when the tumor begins to grow and cause signs or symptoms. Sometimes it forms before birth and is found during an ultrasound of the baby.
By the time cancer is diagnosed, it has usually metastasized (spread). Neuroblastoma spreads most often to the lymph nodes, bones, bone marrow, liver, and skin in infants and children. Adolescents may also have metastasis to the lungs and brain.
Neuroblastoma is sometimes caused by a gene mutation (change) passed from the parent to the child.
NeuroBlastoma is currently not a disease that is curable, rather manageable.
In babies under 1.5 years old, it is almost like a different disease as in older kids. The survival rate is significantly high and the treatment is very different.
Nervous System, Other
Biopsy analysis, Blood test
Chemotherapy, Complementary medicine (ex: Maitake), Radiation, Surgery
Parents who have been there would also tell you some things you should know: